In the Northern Sporades islands of the Aegean Sea a goat population isolate exists with an exceptional milk yield potential (225 kg marketed milk from average lactations of 174 days). The prolificacy is 135% and the average adult live weight of the females 56 kg. While the actual purebred “Skopelos” population is estimated at only 8000 goats, the development of recording and a breed selection programme, combined with a necessary conservation policy, should help preserve the breed and assure its development possibilities.